Ancient Roman and Greek Coins Septimius SeverusSeptimius Severus
      Table of Contents: (Click the images to go to the pages)

Answers to frequently asked questions 
    (FAQ, mostly for beginners)
        [The coin to the right is a common silver denarius of the Roman emperor Septimus Severus, 193-211 AD, with diameter 19 mm.]

            associated pages about buying on eBay and buying
       about selling
       about moving up from "beginner" to "intermediate" collector
          (including book recommendations)
       Annotated Roman coin educational links (with some Greek coin links too)
       information about rarity and its importance for cost (for intermediate collectors)
       commentary on a difference between collecting US and ancient coins
       information about avoiding fakes

Table of contents--large sites first.

      Date: 364-450

   Guide to Late Roman AE Coin Types, AD 364-450
    A complete list of types of emperors Valentinian I through Theodosius II and Valentinian III
    A resource for collectors of Late Roman AE coins.
This coin:  Valens/GLORIA ROMANORVM

        Date: 316-364

  Christian Symbolism on Roman Coins
  A complete list of types from its beginning under Constantine to 364 AD.

   A resource for collectors of late Roman AE coins.

        Date: The entire Roman period

 Ancient Imitations of Roman Coins
  An educational site about genuinely ancient coins that were imitations or counterfeits in their day.
  This coin: An ancient counterfeit
Roman Republican denarius.

     Date: 425-1071

  Byzantine Coins of Cherson (Kherson)

   The unusual Byzantine types from the city of Cherson in the Crimea in Ukraine.
   A resource for collectors.
   This coin:  The "H" (= 8) pentanummia denomination.


   Ancient Coin Auction Catalogs: Contents
    An educational site for ancient coin collectors about sale catalogs.
    A related site where catalogs are grouped by collecting theme.
    This catalog: M&M 37, Basel, Switzerland.

    Date: 306-310

 Constantine as Caesar and as FIL AVG (A.D. 306-310)
  An illustrated article on the the Roman rulers and their mints from 306-310
  when Constantine was awarded the unusual title "Filius Augusti".
This coin: Constantine as "FIL AVG", minted at Antioch.


       Date: 527-565

The Byzantine emperor Justinian (527-565 AD)
and the earthquakes at Antioch.

   Byzantine coins of Justinian from Antioch
   This coin: Justinian seated facing on a throne


       Date: 498-538
  The Dan Clark Collection of early Byzantine copper coins
  with a cross above the head.

    An extensive collection of unusual cross-above head coins.
    This Coin:  Justin I (518-527), Sear 84, with a bold cross above his head.


Smaller sites (chronologial order):


      Date: c. 324 BC. 
  Coins and archaeology work together to identify Seuthes III
  This coin:  Greek king Seuthes III


    Date: First century BC.

Roman Republican plated imitation in Dacian style


  Some reverse types that are unique to a particular Roman emperor
  in a quiz format. Can you recognize them?
  This type: Captive seated on a pile of arms. DAC CAP in exergue.

     Date: Roman imperial period.
 The real meaning of SECVRITAS on Roman coins.

  This coin: Caracalla, 196-217 AD

        Date: 198-212

  Geta, his portraits, 198-212 AD.
   Geta's portraits change as he ages from nine to twenty-two.
   This coin:  His first portrait style.


        Date: 235-238   

  Maximinus Thrax, the giant. Roman emperor 235-238. His portrait types.
   Maximinus Thrax issued denarii with three distinct portrait types.
   This coin: The early style portrait.

        Date: 251-253

  What was Volusian's name?
  Volusian, Augustus, 251-253 AD.
  This coin: Volusian, stuck at Antioch.


        Date: 270-293

 The Tripolis mint of late third century AD Rome
 An illustrated list of all the coin types of the Tripolis mint.
 An educational resource for collectors.

 This coin: Tacitus, 276 AD.


       Date: 289-290
  Officina Marks of the Roman emperors
  Diocletian and Maximian at Siscia (289-290 AD)

   The unique use of the Jovian and Herculian titles to indicate officina numbers
   This coin: Maximian with mintmark incorporating ΛI, part of a code.

        Date: 293 - 300

  Fortuna under the first tetrachy:
  Diocletian, Maximian, Constantius, and Galerius (293-300 AD)

   A rare follis type issued only at Trier.
   This coin:  Diocletian/FORTVNAE REDVCI AVGG NN

        Date: 305-306

  The unusual "quarter-follis" denomination struck 305-306 AD under the tetrarchy
   An illustrated list of all the varieties. An educational resource for collectors.
   This coin: A quarter-follis of Maximinus II.

        Date: 330-340

  CONSTANTINOPOLIS: Roman coins commemorating
  the founding of Constantinople under Constantine.

   A short article here (only about this one common type).
   A complete list and longer article here. (The picture links to this one.)
   This coin:  CONSTANTINOPOLIS/Victory, 330-340 AD.

        Date: 217-363
  Long Mintmarks on Roman Imperial coins.
  A few of the longest mintmarks illustrated.
  This coin:  Julian II, "the Apostate", 361-363 AD.

        Date: 350

 Vetranio, Roman emperor in AD 350: His six AE coin types.
        The Roman emperor Vetranio ruled in the Balkans for ten months in AD 350.
  His AE coin types are listed and illustrated here.
   This coin: Vetranio with the famous early Christian "HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS" reverse.

        Date: 363-364

 Jovian, Roman emperor from June 363 to Febuary 364:
 His four AE types.

        The Roman emperor Jovian reigned only eight months.
  His AE coin types are listed and illustrated here.
   This coin:  Jovian with reverse VOT/V/MVLT/X from Sirmium.

       Date: 364-375

  Officina Numbers on Late Roman Coins
   The unusual use of officina numbers spelled out on issues of Valentinian, Valens, and Gratian.
This coin:  Valens, 364-378 AD, with officina PRIMA.

Can you think of one emperor who issued coins from one mint with at least five distinctly different mintmarks?
Begin on pages here.

The end.